These illustrations, my friends, are not illustrations of bibliomites. They are illustrations of an Anobium hirtum – a bookworm, and a French one at that. Sir William Osler commissioned the artist Horace Knight to draw illustrations of the specimen of a bookworm he had found burrowed in a book he bought from a French bookseller. Knight's illustrations first appeared in the Bodleian Quarterly Record in February 1917. They were later reprinted in The Collected Essays of Sir William Osler by the Classics of Medicine Library in 1985.
I have no drawings of bibliomites to display for you. But I can assure you that bibliomites were not creepy-crawly things. In fact, they were normal human beings who worked in the bookstores in England. I should note, however, that the specimen I researched had a head much too large for the rest of his body. I believe this to be an individual trait, and not one associated with all bibliomites; but more on my specimen later.
The bibliomites first gathered together at the bookshop of Francis Edwards in December 1950 and formed a society that had a rather official-sounding name: The Society of Antiquarian Booksellers' Employees.
Don't let the name fool you. This society was more of a social club than a union. When they weren't working, these bibliomites got together to have fun!
From the Publishers Circular and Booksellers's Record, 1951
They drank pints of beer. They competed in darts tournaments. And one bibliomite, Frank Doel, of 84 Charing Cross Road fame, umpired the annual cricket matches against the "Guvnors."
There is an excellent article by Dudley Massey and Martin Hamlin on both the ABA and the ILAB websites covering part of the History of the Antiquarian Booksellers Association. And the bibliomites are mentioned several times in this article, from their first meeting in 1950, to their last Halloween dance and subsequent demise in 1974.
Google displays many snippit views about the bibliomites from various issues of Antiquarian Book Monthly Review (ABMR). A 1999 ABMR article provides details about the creation of a magazine of sorts for the bibliomites in 1953.
The British Library has a run of the first series of Biblionotes: Nos 1-13.
And in my own library, I have a book by a Walter Harris titled, Contributions to Biblionotes &C.
Walter Harris inscribed this book:
To my good friend
and colleague Mary Murray
with sincere regards
I acquired Contributions to Biblionotes &C from Questor Rare Books in August 2002, a few years before its owner, John Walwyn-Jones, closed up shop and went to work for Bonham's. When I bought the book, I thought Biblionotes was one of them there British periodicals about books. I had no idea who Walter Harris was, much less Mary Murray. And if you mentioned bibliomites, I would have thought you were talking about a species of bookish creepy-crawly things.
I was going nowhere in my research for months. But fortunately, in March 2003, my London friend, Sandy Malcolm, who hails from Edinburgh, read an article by Anthony Rota in a recent issue of the Scottish Book Collector. In the article, Mr. Rota discussed the seating arrangement at an auction:
. . . then Thomas Thorp, perhaps Tom himself, with his distinctive bottle-bottom spectacles, or perhaps his first assistant, Wally Harris, his huge dome of a head crammed with book-lore....
I contacted Thomas Thorp Fine & Rare Books in March 2003, and was so pleased with Jim Thorp's response that I immediately ordered a book from him.
Walter "Wally" Harris had already retired before Jim Thorp joined the firm in 1962. But he met him a few times and confirmed to me that Wally Harris did indeed have an enlarged cranium. Wally Harris was the editor of Biblionotes and, as such, was the major contributor to the publication. When Wally Harris retired around 1959-60, Mary Murray replaced him as shop manager at Thorp's.
Jim Thorp believed the Bookdealer reprinted some of Wally Harris's pieces, and provided the contact information of its editor, Barry Shaw. I contacted Barry Shaw in 2003, but he could not recall if he published any of Wally Harris's pieces in the Bookdealer.
The Bookdealer, however, published Sheila Markham's series of interviews of antiquarian booksellers, one of which in particular – her interview of Richard Hatchwell, published in the December 2007 issue of the Bookdealer – provided a wealth of useful information about Walter Harris. In the interview, Richard Hatchwell recalled his early days at Thorp's:
When I joined Thorp's, the firm was about to move from Berkeley Street to larger premises in Abermarle Street, entailing much humping of boxes. A pair of young shoulders would obviously be useful –– the other staff at Thorp's were Walter Harris the manager and Ernest the packer, both in their sixties. Walter, whom I always called 'Mr. Harris', was a bookseller of the old school and had been with Thorp's under Tom's father when the business was in Bond Street. He was a specialist in nineteenth century literature and could recite all the points of Dickens in original parts without looking at a reference book. . . .
Walter "Wally" Harris died at the age of 88 on Feb. 20, 1982. In his obituary published in the ABMR shortly after his death, he was described "as one of the three most knowledgeable bookmen who ever lived."
To the best of my knowledge, only one of Walter Harris's twelve "Contributions to Biblionotes" has been reprinted elsewhere. In the 1960s, the old Manchester Review reprinted his piece on "Great Totham Press." There is another article by Walter Harris in the same journal, but that is not one of the pieces printed in Biblionotes.
If Walter Harris was truly one of the three most knowledgeable bookmen who ever lived, then I believe I should share his knowledge with other bookmen. Each Christmas I will post one of his "Contributions to Biblionotes" on My Sentimental Library blog. The title of the blog posts is "Twelve Blogs for Christmas: Contributions to Biblionotes." And here is a link to this year's post on Chapbooks.